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Gratitude for those that have served our country

distressed flag with soldiers silhouettes veterans dayMemorial Day, originally known as Decoration Day, has been honoring the men & women who have died while serving in the U.S. military since May 1868 when it was established by General John A. Logan, commander-in-chief of the Union veterans’ group known as the Grand Army of the Republic wanted to recognize the more than 620,000 soldiers killed in the Civil War. In 1971 it became a federal holiday.

As our lives become busier and busier, we tend to forget why we have this special recognition and often fill the days off with BBQ’s and social gatherings but we should remember to take some time to realize the sacrifice that many men & women made so that we would be able to have these gatherings and for many a much deserved day off!

Blue Ridge Orthopaedic & Spine Center would like to express our gratitude to all those who have served protecting our freedom this Memorial Day. As we all enjoy our family, friends & weekend plans, please know that your sacrifice does not go unnoticed and you will be remembered always.

Evaluation Procedures for Orthopedic Problems

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Picture: falmouthortho.com/

Adults – What are standard evaluation procedures?

Before a treatment or rehabilitation plan can be made, your orthopedist must first determine the reason for, and source of, your condition. This typically involves a complete physical exam and a review of your medical history profile, in addition to a description of your symptoms. Be sure to tell your healthcare providers of any other illnesses, injuries, or complaints that may be associated with the pain or condition. Also, tell him or her about any previous treatments or medicines prescribed. Initial tests may then follow.

Advanced evaluation procedures

If you need further evaluation you may have one of these tests:

  • X-ray. This test uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to make images of tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
  • Arthrogram. This X-ray shows bone structures after an injection of a contrast fluid into a joint area. When the fluid leaks into an area that it does not belong, disease or injury may be considered, as a leak would provide evidence of a tear, opening, or blockage.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This test uses large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to make detailed images of organs and structures within the body. It can often determine damage or disease in a surrounding ligament or muscle.
  • Computed tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan). This test uses X-rays and computer technology to make horizontal, or axial, images (often called slices) of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays.
  • Electromyogram (EMG). This test evaluates nerve and muscle function.
  • Ultrasound. This test uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the internal organs
  • Arthroscopy. This test is used to evaluate a joint. It uses a small, lighted, optic tube (arthroscope) that is inserted into the joint through a small incision in the joint. Images of the inside of the joint are projected onto a screen. It’s used to evaluate any degenerative or arthritic changes in the joint. It also detects bone diseases and tumors and may help determine the cause of bone pain and inflammation.
  • Myelogram. This test involves the injection of a dye or contrast material into the spinal canal. Next a specific X-ray study lets the healthcare provider evaluation of the spinal canal and nerve roots.
  • Radionuclide bone scan. This is a nuclear imaging technique. It uses a very small amount of radioactive material, which is injected into the patient’s bloodstream to be detected by a scanner. This test shows blood flow to the bone and cell activity within the bone.
  • Blood tests. Other blood tests may be used to check for certain types of arthritis.

After the evaluative information is collected and reviewed, the orthopedist will discuss the treatment options with you to help you select the best treatment plan that promotes an active and functional life.

Children – What are standard evaluation procedures?

Children will be treated much like the adults are with a full physical exam and a detailed medical history. At this time, be sure to tell your child’s doctor of any other illnesses, injuries, or complaints that have been associated with the pain or condition, as well as any previous treatments or medicines prescribed. Some early tests may then be done, including:

  • Blood tests
  • X-rays.A diagnostic test that uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.

Advanced evaluation procedures

Children who need further evaluation may undergo 1 or more of the following:

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.
  • Computed tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan).A diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce horizontal, or axial, images (often called slices) of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays.
  • EMG (electromyogram).A test used to evaluate nerve and muscle function.
  • Bone scan.A nuclear imaging method to evaluate any degenerative and/or arthritic changes in the joints; to detect bone diseases and tumors; to determine the cause of bone inflammation.
  • This is becoming a common test for evaluating musculoskeletal complaints.

After the evaluative information is collected and reviewed, your child’s orthopaedist will discuss with you all treatment options and help you select the best treatment plan to enable your child to live an active and functional life.

Blue Ridge Orthopaedic & Spine Center has two convenient office locations in Warrenton (540) 347.9220 & Gainesville (703) 743.2814 to serve all of your Orthopaedic needs.  Call us today to schedule an appointment.  Same day/next day appointments available.  For more information on all comprehensive services we offer, visit www.broava.com.

Courtesy: Krames Staywell

Online Medical Reviewer: Ogiela, Dennis, MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Banerjee, Rahul, MD 

Injectable Corticosteroids

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Corticosteroid injections are powerful drugs used to decrease inflammation in the body’s tissues.  Corticosteroid injections can treat a range of muscular, skeletal, and spinal conditions.  This article from KRAMES STAYWELL shows us the most common uses of corticosteroid injections:

  • Lower back pain – Lower back pain from strains, spinal stenosis, ruptured disks, and other common conditions may be treated with injectable corticosteroids to provide some reprieve from pain. Lumbar radiculopathy is pain in the buttocks, hips, or legs that stems from a pinched nerve in the lower back.  This kind of pain can usually be treated with corticosteroid injections near the pinched nerve.  If a patient is having excruciating pain, the injection may target the spinal cord area through a catheter.  Sometimes other drugs such as local anesthetics or narcotics are given in conjunction with the corticosteroid.
  • Osteoarthritis – Osteoarthritis suffers often develop inflammation and pain in their joints. An injection of corticosteroids into the affected joint can provide temporary pain relief for several weeks or even months.  After the treatment, you will need to rest the joint for at least 24 hours for the best results.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome – Carpal tunnel syndrome may occur when a nerve in the wrist becomes compressed or pinched, causing pain and weakness in the hand. Infecting a corticosteroid in the wrist can provide immediate relief.
  • Cervical radiculopathy – This is neck pain that radiates to the shoulder and arm. It occurs when the vertebrae in the spine moves closer together, pinching a nerve in the neck.  Injecting corticosteroids near the pinched nerve may reduce pain and swelling allowing for time to heal .

Blue Ridge Orthopaedic & Spine Center has two convenient office locations in Warrenton (540) 347.9220 & Gainesville (703) 743.2814 to serve all of your Orthopaedic needs. Call us today to schedule an appointment. Same day/next day appointments are available. For more information on all comprehensive orthopaedic services we offer visit www.broava.com.

Neck Pain at Work?

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It’s  important to look at workplace ergonomics as part of treatment and prevention of neck pain.  Most often we forget.  This Spine Health article explains what you can do to reduce painful neck pain.

When sitting at a desk and looking straight ahead:

  • Eyes should point directly at the top third of your computer screen.
  • Forearms should be approximately parallel with the floor when typing.
  • Elbows should be at the side.
  • Feet should be flat on the floor with the thighs parallel with the floor.
  • If you stand or perform driving tasks, make sure that one side of the body is not constantly rotated more than the other side, and that there is as much symmetry in repetitive tasks as possible.

If you are experiencing neck pain, Blue Ridge Orthopaedic and Spine Center can help.  Our team of board certified/ fellowship trained physicians, as well as our physical therapy and rehabilitation department (including massage therapy) will diagnose your neck pain and develop a treatment plan that is right for you.

Blue Ridge Orthopaedic & Spine Center has two convenient office locations in Warrenton (540) 347.9220 & Gainesville (703) 743.2814 to serve all of your Orthopaedic needs.  Call us today to schedule an appointment.  Same day/next day appointments available.  For more information on all comprehensive services we offer visit www.broava.com.

Is it a Bird or Shoulder Tendonitis?

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Shoulder tendonitis causes an inflammation of the rotator cuff and/or biceps tendon and is usually the outcome of a pinched tendon. Sports activities that require the arm to move over the head repetitively, such as baseball, weightlifting, racket sports, and particular swimming strokes often are the cause of shoulder tendonitis.
Do you have any of these symptoms?

• Pain or stiffness in the shoulder
• Unable to hold arm in particular positions

Pain relief strategies –

• Active rest
• Strengthening/rehabilitation exercises
• Anti-inflammatory medications such as Advil, Motrin or Aleve
• Anti-inflammatory steroid injections
• Surgery for extreme injuries
Blue Ridge Orthopaedic & Spine Center has on-site state-of-the-art technology to diagnosis and treat orthopaedic conditions. For your convenience, both of our Warrenton and Gainesville offices are equipped with in-office radiology departments. Not only does this facilitate rapid diagnosis but it is also convenient for patients who may be experiencing pain or disability at the time of their visit. To schedule an appointment with one of our board-certified and fellowship trained physicians, call our Warrenton office at (540-347-9220) or our Gainesville office at (703-743-2814). Or visit www.broava.com to make an appointment. Same day/next day appointments available.