A Bankart lesion is a shoulder injury. It occurs when there is a tear in the labrum. This is the fibrous cartilage that helps hold the shoulder joint in place. Surgery can repair this injury. This surgery may be done through a few small incisions. This is called arthroscopic surgery. Or, it may be done through one larger incision. This is known as open surgery. You and your doctor will discuss which method is right for you.

Preparing for Surgery

  • Tell your doctor what prescription and over-the-counter medications you take. This includes herbs and  supplements. It also includes things like aspirin and ibuprofen. Ask whether you should stop taking any of these before surgery.
  • Do not eat or drink anything after midnight the night before surgery.
  • Bring any x-rays, forms, or scans your doctor needs with you to the hospital.
  • Arrange for an adult family member or friend to give you a ride home after the procedure.

During Surgery

Your surgeon will examine the shoulder joint. One or more of the following repairs may be done:

  • The labrum and glenohumeral ligament are reattached to the glenoid. Surgical anchors or sutures are used.
  • Other damage to the shoulder may be repaired. This includes tightening the capsule (sheet of tough fibers that surrounds the glenoid and humerus). 

Possible Risks and Complications of Shoulder Surgery

  • Infection
  • Damage to nerves or blood vessels
  • Moving or breaking of surgical anchors
  • Loss of flexibility