Anterior Joint Replacement
Anterior Supine Intermuscular Hip Replacements
Over the past 5 years a major advance in the surgical approach to performing a hip replacement has been developed. In addition to remaining minimally invasive, this approach avoids cutting any major muscle groups. The incision is placed over the front of the upper thigh and avoids lateral hip pain when sleeping on one’s side.
This anterior approach to the hip has been quite successful, offering excellent results, and is appropriate for nearly every primary total hip. With more than 200,000 hip replacements performed in the U.S. each year, this approach will dramatically change the future of this great operation.
The Main advantages of the Anterior Supine Hip Approach are:
- No muscle cutting, allowing improved hip strength after surgery
- Lowest dislocation rate compared to all previous approaches (0.5%
- Improved leg lengths – allows more accurate equalization of leg lengths
- No restrictions after surgery – sitting, crawling, stooping are all
allowed with no postoperative limitations
- No restriction on weight bearing or exercises
- Reduction in postoperative pain
- Decreased hospital stay and quicker recovery
James R. Ramser, MD is one of a few orthopaedic surgeons in Virginia that routinely performs anterior supine intermuscular hip replacement surgery. This unique procedure uses the most advanced surgical techniques to replace an entire hip joint through a small 4-5 inch incision.
The incision is made in front of the hip and does not cut through any muscles or tendons. This technique results in less pain, minimal dislocation risk, and quicker recovery. Most importantly, since the hip is immediately stable, it does not require any lifestyle modifications such as not being able to bend over to tie your shoes or not sitting in low seats. Traditional approaches restrict bending past your waist or sitting in very low chairs for varying periods of time (sometimes permanently). In most cases, you will be back on the golf course in 6-8 weeks.
This surgery is appropriate for anyone that needs a primary hip replacement. The approach is also used to replace certain types of hip fractures and usually results in much quicker recovery in the elderly population. Hospital stays are usually 2-3 days.
The Anterior Supine Hip Approach – Younger Patients
“Many of my younger patients are now staying only 2 days in the hospital and do not require physical therapy” says Dr. Jim Ramser. “The anterior approach is now my primary procedure for all total hip replacement patients, including those with hip fractures. Surgery time is about 1 hour avoiding lengthy anesthesia time. I am amazed how quickly people walk independently, giving up their crutches and canes after only 3 weeks.”